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Bárðarbunga stratovolcano in Iceland

8 Volcanic Experiences to Have in Iceland

By: Jessica
Last Updated: 02/02/2024

Iceland is perhaps best known for its “Land of Fire and Ice” nickname, earned from its long history of eruptions at volcanoes with tongue-twisting names. Eyjafjallajökull, anyone?

But keep in mind that, like the northern lights, volcanic activity doesn't happen on demand. That said, eruptions do happen! You'll be able to safely visit volcanic places on your trip to Iceland, including both ancient and active sites.

Let's take a look at 8 impressive volcanic attractions you could check out in Iceland.

Good to know: At Nordic Visitor, we stay up-to-date with volcanic activity in Iceland. We also make sure our clients are informed about any potential disruptions to travel plans and take care of any itinerary changes.

1. Eruption on the Reykjanes peninsula 

Located in the southwest of Iceland, this region has plenty to offer on your adventure. Here, you’ll find the Keflavík International Airport, the Blue Lagoon and the Fagradalsfjall volcano.

Before 2021, this volcano lay dormant for around 800 years. But now, the Reykjanes peninsula is active, with several eruptions in the area in recent years. This has meant the area, once seen as a sleeping giant, is now a hub of intense geological activity.

This is all thanks to its location on the Mid-Atlantic Rift, where the North American and Eurasian tectonic plates drift apart. That’s why you’ll see active volcanoes, moss-coated lava fields and cone-shaped mountains.

To stay up-to-date with the latest information about volcanic events in Iceland, check out the following sites:

Meradalir eruption in Iceland
Fagradalsfjall volcano erupting at night in 2022

2. The Volcano House in Reykjavík

Before venturing into the Icelandic countryside to see actual volcanic sites, why not take some time to learn about volcanoes in the capital city?

Located right by the old harbour in the Reykjavík city centre, the small Volcano House museum features exhibitions on Iceland’s geological history as well as a collection of volcanic rocks (that you can touch!).

Ash cloud from the eruption at Eyjafjallajökull

It also screens two documentaries about famous eruptions. The first one is about the sudden eruption in the Westman Islands (which you can read about below). The other covers the famous 2010 volcanic eruptions at Eyjafjallajökull and Fimmvörðulháls.

3. The Eldheimar Volcano Museum in Heimaey

Vestmannaeyjar, or the Westman Islands, is a stunning archipelago off Iceland’s south coast. Sometimes called “Pompeii of the North,” all of the archipelago’s islands have evolved from underwater eruptions.

Heimaey eruption in 1973 - photo:
Heimaey eruption in 1973 ©

Heimaey, the only inhabited island, was the site of an eruption in 1973. It buried 400 buildings under thick lava, some of which have been partially uncovered and preserved.

The Eldheimar Volcano Museum in town focuses on this event, which is today considered one of Iceland’s largest natural disasters. The exhibit looks at the lives of the residents before the eruption that saw them evacuating their homes in the night and never being able to return. 

4. The Lava Centre in Hvolsvöllur

If you came to Iceland to experience the Land of Fire and Ice, the Lava Centre museum in South Iceland is worth a visit. This innovative museum opened in 2017 not far from Mount Hekla, an active volcano that was considered to be the gateway to hell in the Middle Ages.

Inside Lava Centre.
Inside the Lava Centre © Ragnar Th Sigurdsson -

Inside, the interactive, state-of-the-art exhibit depicts millions of years of Icelandic volcanic activity. It covers earthquakes, eruptions, glacial floods, rift systems and the formation of Iceland's landmass.

If all that tectonic rumbling makes your stomach rumble, you can grab a bite at the onsite Katla Restaurant, aptly named for one of Iceland's largest volcanoes.

5. Snæfellsjökull National Park in West Iceland

Located at the tip of the Snæfellsnes peninsula in West Iceland, the terrain of Snæfellsjökull National Park looks as though it was ripped from prehistoric times.

The park is named for the prominent, glacier-topped Snæfellsjökull volcano, which Jules Verne famously used as the setting for his classic novel Journey to the Center of the Earth

Dritvík cove with Snæfellsjökull volcano in the background

This park boasts many other unusual volcanic landforms to explore, such as Djúpalónssandur beach with its smooth black pebbles and "lifting stones", and the beautifully secluded Dritvík cove. You could also discover the jutting cliffs at Lóndrangar and the extensive lava fields surrounding the volcano.

For a closer look at the area's volcanic history, you can even join a guided tour of the Vatnshellir or Víðgelmir cave.

6. "Inside the Volcano" tour near Reykjavík

Not only can you walk into a glacier in the Land of Fire and Ice, but you can also go deep inside a dormant volcano.

The Inside the Volcano day tour is a real-life journey to the centre of the earth. You descend 120 metres (394 feet) via a cable lift into the ancient magma chamber of the Thrihnukagigur volcano. From the bottom of the cave, you’ll be able to marvel at the colourful lava-rock walls.

Inside the Volcano - photo: 3H Travel
Inside the Volcano © 3H Travel

For a similarly adventurous experience not far from this volcano, we recommend a guided "Lava Tunnel" tour inside the Raufarhólshellir lava cave.

7. Hverfell volcanic crater in North Iceland

The Lake Mývatn area of North Iceland is a hotbed of unusual volcanic terrain and geothermal activity.

At 1 kilometre (0.6 miles) in diameter, Hverfjall is probably the biggest tephra crater in Europe, making it well worth a visit. Located nearby the popular Dimmuborgir lava formations, this enormous crater was formed in an explosive eruption some 2,500 years ago.

Hverfell crater in North Iceland

8. Krafla caldera in North Iceland

Another major Lake Mývatn area volcanic attraction is Krafla, a massive caldera with a diameter of 10 kilometres (6.2 miles) and depth of 2 kilometres (1.2 miles).

Situated along a 90-kilometre (56-mile) long fissure zone, it erupted a staggering nine times between 1974 and 1984, with 29 total eruptions in recorded history. Among these events is the “Krafla Fires,” a long-lasting eruption from 1977 to 1984.

The Víti crater lake at Krafla in North Iceland

On the northwest side of the Krafla caldera is Víti, an explosion crater 300 metres (984 feet) in diameter with a greenish-blue lake inside of it. The name Víti, meaning “Hell” in Icelandic, comes from the old local belief that the underworld was located under the volcanoes in this area.

From the Krafla parking area you can walk to the edge of the rim on a marked path, guiding you through sulphur vents and rocks that are still warm to the touch from the Krafla Fires.

Want more volcanic adventures?

You could witness breathtaking natural wonders in Iceland. Imagine exploring the active Fagradalsfjall volcano on the Reykjanes peninsula, or learning fascinating stories at the Eldheimar Volcano Museum.

Each place tells a unique part of Iceland's geological history. Book an Iceland volcano tour with Nordic Visitor, and you’ll discover the incredible landscapes shaped by nature's forces.

Note: Never attempt to hike in the highlands or on glaciers without a professional, licensed guiding service.

Learn more about the Land of Fire and Ice: contact us to book a trip.

Post by: Jessica

When not writing about Northern European tourist attractions, Jessica Bowe is busy daydreaming about her next trip or scouring Instagram for travel inspiration. Originally from Wisconsin (USA), she's lived in Iceland since 2008 and has since become fully immersed in Eurovision mania and Scandinavian coffee culture.

Find Jessica on LinkedIn.

More posts by Jessica

Getting there

We'd love to give you the same amazing travel experiences as you read about in our blog! To visit the destinations and attractions mentioned in this post - and to discover a few new highlights along the way - check out these recommended Nordic Visitor tours.